Qeshm, located on Iran’s south coast, forms the largest island in the Persian Gulf and the Hormuz Sea Passed to the Makran Sea and the Indian Ocean, along with the coast of Hormuz island in the south approximately at an orbital distance of ́30 ˚26 to ́5-27 And the mid-range from ́15-˚55 to ́20-˚56 east. In addition to the Isle of Man, the satellite and other relatively large Iranian islands, such as Hormuz and Lark, in the immediate vicinity of Qeshm, form part of the Iranian coastline overlooking the Strait of Hormuz at the entrance to the Persian Gulf.
Qeshm Island, about 110 kilometers long, has the largest amount of fish in the world at sea, plus many tidal islands such as Negin, Zor or Pearl on the northern coast of the central part of the island, especially within or forming part of the forests. The coast is covered with mangrove, and other relatively narrow islands in the north or southeast such as the Nice Islands are all within the Qeshm Island. Qeshm Island is about 1536 to 1601 square kilometers in extent, from maximum to lowest tide level, especially at full tide can be about 195 square kilometers of recent area (1796 square kilometers in total) and related to the extent, the mangrove forests included. The shortest distance from Qeshm Island to its motherland is 2400 100 100m and through the Laft Beach in the middle of the island.
With its ancient history and extensive culture as a base for science, Persia has in the past landed in areas of Iran such as Qeshm due to its geographical location and natural features and also had land of arid populations in the aristocracy and control around the Gulf. Fars and the maritime regions are of particular importance as the ancient artifacts and traditions based on Iranian knowledge on this island and the region represents it. Qeshm Island is named after ancient names such as Abarkhan, Abarkan, Kavan, and Boroukht, and has a documented history of habitation from the Medes and then Achaemenid, Parthian, Sassanid, Safavid and later.
The island is bounded on the north by the city of Bandar Abbas, the center of Khamir and part of the city of Bandar Lenge, on the northeast by Hormuz, on the east by Lark, on the south by Hormuz island, and on the southwest by the islands of Small and Big Tunis. Distance of Qeshm Island (from Qeshm Port) to Bandar Abbas is 8.10 miles (20 km), to Hormuz Port is 72.9 miles (18 km), Lark Island (to Lark County Center) is 85.4 miles (9 km), to Aboumousa Island is 88 01/01 miles (163 km) and the Greater Tunb is 55/61 miles (114 kilometers).
According to the Census of the Year 2, the total population of Qeshm Island is around 149 thousand people, of which 66,801 live in urban areas and 82160 in rural areas. In addition to the indigenous and residential population, Qeshm Island has a large number of non-indigenous and immigrants, mainly employed in the sectors of commerce, industry and mines, government departments and agencies, banks, Qeshm Free Zone Organization and other service sectors. have. In addition, a significant number of tourists also come to the island, especially during the autumn and winter seasons and Nowrouz holidays.
The main language of Qeshm people, like all people living in the ports and coasts of the south of the country and other islands, is Farsi but they speak the port dialect that is understandable to all people and travelers traveling to the island. The native and common dialect of Qeshm people in its towns and villages is almost the same. In general, the Qashm local language is a mixture of Arabic, Farsi, Hindi and English.
Qeshm Energy Hub
Qeshm Free Zone Organization, in line with the policies of the Resistive Economy, the supreme leader of the revolution and the government’s plans and efforts to facilitate investment in the fields of oil, gas, petrochemicals and energy in Qeshm Island, seeks to become Qeshm Provide oil, gas, petrochemical and energy hubs to the region. Qeshm’s unparalleled potential is an exemplary example of this ideal. Proper depths of beaches, plentiful oil and gas fields, expanding docks, international airports and the special conditions of the free zone are just some of the benefits that make the island a landmark in talent and prosperity.
Obviously, attracting large investments in the development of industry and investment requires the presence of advanced infrastructure, equipment and facilities that the island lacking at the time of the establishment of Qeshm Free Zone. In 1991, a Swedish company called Sweco was invited to collaborate in the development of optimum development in order to identify the key advantages of the island and to outline important activities and projects. A comprehensive plan was developed for Qeshm. Because at that early stage of work, the Qeshm Free Zone had realized the need for some form of assistance and aid in setting up the necessary development efforts.
Therefore, from the outset of the agreement, it was emphasized that the Sweco master plan would provide a framework for development that was flexible and encouraging further developments so that the Qeshm Free Zone Organization could gradually identify existing strategic development priorities and capacity from simply a word to action. Upon completion of studies on the development of the Qeshm Free Zone Comprehensive Plan, Sweco presented its detailed and extensive report on 21 volumes in various titles in 1994, summarizing most of the island’s development benefits:
- Development and exploitation of natural resources (oil and gas reservoirs)
- Increase employment and income
- Creating catchy communities
- Increasing exports and obtaining foreign currency
- Helping improve the economic condition of the mainland
- Technology transfer
- Providing diverse training
- Possibility of long-term development of a port in wide regional services
Qeshm Ecological Island
In 2015, Japan’s JICA also launched a study plan on ECO-ISLAND that presented a comprehensive report on the opportunities and potentials of the oil, gas, petrochemical and energy sectors. Now is the historic opportunity for Qeshm Island and Free Zone Organization to realize the unique benefits and capabilities of Qeshm Island by creating a powerful and reliable energy park that can create an industrial surge in the region and affect the national economy. Also make a positive impact Relying on the National Energy Development Plan, Getting the support of the officials in the Ministry of Oil and Attracting domestic and foreign companies providing oil, gas and petrochemical services.
Qeshm Legal Incentives for Investment
• 20-year tax exemption for companies active in Qeshm Free Zone
• 100% ownership for foreign investors
• Custom fee exemption for importing raw materials, machineries and spare parts
• Qeshm-produced goods can get tax exemption as much as their produced added value
• Custom fee exemption for re-exporting Qeshm-produced goods
• On the spot visa
• Company registration in 10 days